Tanzania has one of the world’s youngest population with 45 per cent being under the age of 15, and 35 per cent between the ages of 15-35. In addition, the annual population growth rate is high –3.1 per cent–which suggest the population will double in less than 25 years.
This research presents a contrasting picture regarding youths’ participation in agriculture intensification between the two regions of Iringa and Morogoro. Surveys on maize yields and generational data from Iringa Region indicate that youths are more affected by decreased yields than the middle and older generations. A contrasting picture is presented in Morogoro region, where young farmers have had the highest rice yields since the start of the data collection in 2000.